In the last twenty years, the number of young men diagnosed with prostate cancer has increased by over six times. Although in times past, prostate cancer affects mostly older men in their 70’s and 80’s of which the cancer grows slowly in them.
Older men who were found to have early-stage prostate cancer usually die from other non-cancer related causes.
It’s quite different for the younger men because attention is paid to the older folk as they are more likely to be diagnosed with the disease and as such prostate cancer is more aggressive and extremely dangerous in this group of young men due to self-negligence in going for prostate-specific-antigen, PSA and rectal exams until the recommended age of fifty-years.
This unconscious act makes the prostate cancer more aggressive when it is finally diagnosed in men younger than fifty-five-years because the cancer would have already progressed to a late-stage and is more likely to be difficult to treat.
If diagnosed early, prostate cancer is treatable. – Foxnews
Things To Know About Prostate Cancer
What is the prostate? – The prostate is an organ which produces seminal fluid, this seminal fluid is mixed with the sperm to make semen. Only men have prostate.
How does the prostate look? – It is located below the bladder, a walnut sized gland found between the base of the penis and the anus.
The Prostate swells in size from that of a walnut to a plum in older men with prostate issues. The bigger the prostate, the weaker the urine.
Is my prostate healthy?
If your urine flow is regular, then you’re safe as urine flow is used to indicate prostate problems; but if your urine has dwindled to a trickle, it’s advisable to see a doctor.
Although, there’re many reasons for pressure change in urine flow e.g non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, BPH, or Prostatitis ie the inflammation or infection of the prostate.
Can urine be used as an indicator?
Using the urinary system as a yard stick or indicator to determine prostate cancer isn’t entirely accurate as the disease doesn’t affect the urine flow until it’s in its advanced stage.
Getting up frequently at night to urinate, having a weak urine flow and dripping before and after urinating are signs to take note of.
Other less common symptoms include erectile dysfunction, painful urination and ejaculation, pain in the testicles and blood when urinating.
At what age does one get prostate cancer?
This cancer affects men over fifty and relatively half of this group show signs of prostate enlargement. Cancer Research UK states that the largest number of prostate cancer victims range from seventy to seventy-four years.
According to Cancer Research UK, the largest number of cases is diagnosed in those aged 70 to 74. It also adds that one in twenty-five men ie three-point-eight percent will die from the disease and between seven in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients will survive beyond five years. Prostatitis can affect men of any age.
What is a PSA test?
It is a blood test that measures the level of a protein called Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA). PSA is produced in the prostate gland and found in small amounts in the blood. If your doctor wants to rule out prostate cancer he will probably suggest that you have a PSA test.
A raised PSA level can be a warning sign of the presence of prostate cancer. It can also indicate other problems that aren’t cancer – three out of four men with a raised PSA level will not have prostate cancer. However, the higher the PSA level, the greater the likelihood of a cancer being present.
Is Prostate Cancer genetic? Most likely. If your family tree has a history of prostate cancer either from your father, brother, uncle, or grandfather, then you stand a risk of having the disease.
Efforts are being made to create genetic profiling in the future in order to identify men with a high risk.
Tell your doctor if any family members have had the disease so you can be given regular blood tests to monitor your PSA.
HOW TO REDUCE RISKS OF PROSTATE CANCER
To lower the risk of Prostate Cancer, men should focus on eating a diet that includes lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, lean meats and non-meat protein sources such as nuts and beans. They should also avoid added sugars and refined grains. – Fredhutch
Studies show vegetarians have a lower risk of prostate cancer than men who eat meat, according to the National Institutes of Health. A nutrient called lycopene, found in tomatoes, has been consistently linked with lower prostate cancer risk, according to the Mayo Clinic. Evidence also suggests that vitamin D may lower men’s risk of developing a deadly form of prostate cancer. – Livescience
Japanese and Chinese men have very low levels of prostate cancer and green tea is thought to be one reason why. This is because it’s rich in polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties.
Alcohol and sugar or mineral drinks are rich in sugar, which can pile on the pounds. Instead, you should try to drink six to eight glasses of water each day to help flush out the kidneys and keep the body hydrated.
Exercise helps to balance hormone levels, prevent obesity and boost the immune system. And it’s never too late – studies have shown that exercise is still beneficial for men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer and are receiving treatment for it.